What are therapeutic models?
Therapeutic models are different therapy types which help guide therapists in how to best work with clients. Therapeutic models develop when therapists write guidelines based on ways of working they have found to be effective. These guidelines are then researched and formalised and become therapeutic models. There are many different therapeutic models which vary based on the techniques learnt, who the client is for example an individual, family or couple, how much therapeutic discussion focuses on past experiences or present concerns and how important the therapeutic relationship is seen as.
Some therapeutic models work specifically with a certain type of difficulty while others work with client distress in general. For example, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is often ‘model-specific’ meaning that there are guidelines for therapists working with clients with different difficulties, for instance depression or social anxiety. This way of working can be very helpful for some people, however, as discussed in our previous blog on the disadvantages of CBT it does not work for everyone.
Other examples of therapeutic models include Transactional Analysis, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Schema Therapy all our which are utilized, when appropriate, at Morency. Many skilled therapists will also integrate models to ensure their approach suits the specific client.
Why is selecting the right therapeutic model important?
Alongside building a strong therapeutic relationship, using the most appropriate therapeutic model is an essential task for client and therapist. The difference between a model that is a good fit for a client and one that is not could be the difference between a client achieving their therapy goals or not.
How to select the right therapeutic model
At Morency, our qualified therapists will take the lead on deciding on the most appropriate therapy model for you, our clients. However, as clients you can consider the following points to help ensure the right therapeutic approach for you:
- Firstly, focus on finding a therapist with whom you can build a strong therapeutic relationship with – see our previous blog on therapeutic relationships for guidance
- Don’t try to find a therapist who works with people with exactly your problem – you are unique, and a good therapist will treat you as such
- Try to be as open as possible during your initial meeting, as during this session your therapist will begin to decide on the most appropriate models
- Ask your therapist which models they will draw upon and what would be helpful for you to know about such models
- Consider if there is anything in your life that you are eager, or reluctant, to talk about. Some models, such as CBT, focus on the here-and-now, while others frequently discuss childhood experiences
- Broadly speaking, therapeutic models focus on either learning new skills and problem solving current difficulties or they focus on analysing life experiences and reflecting on familiar themes and problems across your life. While most skilled therapists will use at least some aspects of both, consider which model appeals to you most
If you would like to discuss which model might suit the difficulties you are experiencing, call Dr Julie Hannan now on 07530 854530